All about bees and Pollination Handbook - Carl Hayden Bee Research Center 

Avocado flowering.  Davenport, T. L. 1986.  In: J. Janick (ed.) Horticultural Reviews. Volume 8:257-289.

Avocado Pollination - by S.E. McGregor  

Avocado Pollination Basics  Gad Ish-Am (Presentation in English).

Dual Cycle of Avocado Flowers - by Peter A. Peterson. In California Agriculture. 1955. 9(10):6-7, 13.

Evaluating Honeybee Colonies for Pollination - A guide for growers and beekeepers - from Oregon State

Honey Bee Pollination of Avocado in Western Australia - Department of Agriculture - Western Australia

How To Attract More Bees To Your Garden

Identification and Efficiency of Pollinator Insects of Avocado in the States of Mexico and Micoacan - Colegio de Postgraduados Instituto de Fitosanidad - in Spanish

Insect Pollination of Crops - John Free

Low attractiveness of avocado (Persea americana Mill.) flowers to honeybees (Apis mellifera L.) limits fruit set in Israel - G. Ish-Am and D. Eisikowitch. Journal of Horticultural Sciences & Biotechnology (1998), 73 (2):195-204 posted with permission from Gad Ish-Am

Mobility of honey bees (Apidae, Apis mellifera L) during foraging in avocado orchards - G Ish-Am, D Eisikowitch. Apidologie 29 (1998):209-219 posted with permission from Gad Ish-Am

Nociones Básicas sobre La Polinización del Aguacatero (Palto)  Gad Ish-Am (Presentación en Español).

Pollination - Lecture 21- Pollination - University of Maryland

Pollination Information by Crop - from the Pollination Homepage - www.pollinator.com

Some aspects of pollination and fertilization in subtropical fruit by Schroeder and Hofshi, Subtropical Fruit News.

Stingless Bees Can Serve as Efficient Avocado Pollinators - S. Gazit and G. Ish-Am.  (Paper, Poster)

The behaviour of honeybees (Apis mellifera) visiting avocado (Persea americana) flowers and their contribution to its pollination - Gad Ish-Am and Dan Eisikowitch. 1993. Journal of Apicultural Research, 32 (3-4):175-186. posted with permission from Gad Ish-Am

The Pollination of Avocados - A.B. Stout.  1933.  University of Florida Agricultural Experiment Station, Bulletin 257.


Apiculture Newsletters - UC Davis Department of Entomology 

Bees and Pollination - Ohio State University

Bee Briefs -  Dr. Eric Mussen - UC Davis

BeeSource - Online sourcebook for beekeepers

Honey bee (Apis mellifera) strains differ in avocado - by Arnon Dag, A. Elizabeth Fetscher, Ohad Afik, Yelena Yeselson, Arthur
Schaffer, Yossi Kamer, Nicholas M. Waser, Monica A. Madore, Mary Lu Arpaia, Reuben Hofshi, and Sharoni Shafir.

New World Carniolan Breeding Program - Susan Cobey - Ohio State University

Ontario Beekeepers Association - Useful site for beekeepers

The Bee's Knees: A Personalized Resource Guide on Beekeeping

The Guide to Beekeeping for Adults and Kids (PDF)

USDA Bee Biology and Systematics Laboratory Logan, Utah